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WHAT IS A MIGRAINE?
A migraine isn’t just a bad headache. It’s an intense, throbbing pain.
Some people also get nauseous and experience sensitivity to light and sound. The symptoms of migraine are thought to be caused by a complex series of neurological events that also appear to affect the blood vessels in the head.
Types of Migraines
Migraines without aura
Not all migraines are the same.
But many people experience:
- Throbbing pain
- Sensitivity to light and/or sound
Migraines with aura
An aura is a feeling or series of sensations that come before a migraine attack and can last about 5-60 minutes.
Common symptoms of aura include:
- Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
- Feeling numbness or tingling in the face or hands
- Speech disturbances
The aura may be followed by some or all of the symptoms of a migraine without aura.
Start the conversation. The more your doctor knows about your headaches and symptoms, the more he or she can help determine if you suffer from migraines.
WHO GETS MIGRAINES?
If you have migraines, you’re not alone.
Women are 2x as likely as men to suffer from migraines.
In fact, 15% of women and 6% of men are afflicted over a 1-year period.
Migraines are most often seen in adults 18 to 44 years of age.
MIGRAINE TRIGGERS AND SYMPTOMS
Triggers are things that can bring on migraines. They vary from person to person.
Often it’s a combination of triggers that can set off an attack. Common triggers may be related to your diet, body, and environment. Download the Migraine eDiaryTM app to help you track your triggers and migraine symptoms.
- Aged cheeses
- Soy products
- Hot dogs
- Lunch meats
- Alcohol (often red wine)
- Caffeine (too much or withdrawal)
- Skipped meals
- Monosodium glutamate (MSG, found in some canned and processed foods)
- Aspartame (artificial sweetener)
- Feeling worn down
- Hormone changes
- Being tired
- Too much or too little sleep
- Weather changes
- Light (bright, fluorescent, flashing, or flickering)
- Odors and pollution (smog, smoke, perfume, chemical odors)
Migraines can cause throbbing headaches that can vary in intensity. However, they can also be accompanied by sensitivity to light and sound, as well as nausea.
Find out if you’re experiencing headaches or migraines with our ID Migraine™ quiz.